New approach uses ‘twisted light’ to increase efficiency of quantum cryptography systems

20 marzo 2015

Researchers have developed a way to transfer 2.05 bits per photon by using ‘twisted light.’ This remarkable achievement is possible because the researchers used the orbital angular momentum of the photons to encode information, rather than the more commonly used polarization of light. The new approach doubles the 1 bit per photon that is possible with current systems that rely on light polarization and could help increase the efficiency of quantum cryptography systems.