How black truffles deal with jumpers in their genome

31 julio 2014

Black truffles, also known as Périgord truffles, have a syrupy sweet flavor and are highly prized in haute cuisine. They are fungi that grow on the roots of oak and hazelnut trees, and are the second most expensive truffle species. The black truffle uses reversible epigenetic processes to regulate its genes, and adapt to changes in its surroundings. The ‘methylome’ illustrates how the truffle deals with its complex genome’s repeating elements and ‘jumping genes.’ The authors say this may shed light on how traits like aroma and color are controlled.