Exotic states: How to spawn an ‘exceptional ring’

9 septiembre 2015

The Dirac cone, named after British physicist Paul Dirac, started as a concept in particle and high-energy physics and has recently became important in research in condensed matter physics and material science. It has since been found to describe aspects of graphene, a two dimensional form of carbon, suggesting the possibility of applications across various fields. Now physicists have found another unusual phenomenon produced by the Dirac cone: It can spawn a phenomenon described as a «ring of exceptional points.» This connects two fields of research in physics and may have applications in building powerful lasers, precise optical sensors, and other devices.