Architecture of aquifers: Chile’s Atacama Desert

20 agosto 2015

The Loa River water system of northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, in the Antofagasta region, exemplifies the high stakes involved in sustainable management of scarce water resources. The Loa surface and groundwater system supplies the great majority of water used in the region, and meets much of the municipal and agricultural demands. It is vital to regional copper mining, which constitutes ~50 percent of Chile’s copper production.